Born on June 17, 1898, in Leeuwarden, Netherlands, M.C.
Escher (1898-1972) produced work that remains among the most
widely reproduced and popular graphic art of the twentieth century.
His brain-teasing prints use interlocking shapes, transforming
creatures, and impossible architectures to challenge the viewer's
perceptions of reality. Expressing what he called a "keen
interest in the geometric laws contained by nature around us,"
his finely crafted compositions combine precise realism with
fantastic explorations of pattern, perspective, and space. Maurits
Cornelis Escher (who called himself M.C.) was the youngest son
of a hydraulic engineer but showed no early aptitude for mathematical
concepts. He was such a poor student, in fact, that he twice
had to repeat a grade. He did show some artistic talent and
so was encouraged by an art teacher to pursue his interests
in woodcuts and drawing. His father then sent him to the School
for Architectural and Decorative Arts in Haarlem to study architecture.
Like some of his famous predecessors, Michelangelo, Leonardo
da Vinci, Dürer and Holbein, M.C. Escher was left-handed.
Apart from being a graphic artist, M.C. Escher illustrated books,
designed tapestries, postage stamps and murals. He was born
as the fourth and youngest son of a civil engineer. After 5
years the family moved to Arnhem where Escher spent most of
his youth. After failing his high school exams, Maurits ultimately
was enrolled in the School for Architecture and Decorative Arts
in Haarlem After only one week, he informed his father that
he would rather study graphic art instead of architecture, as
he had shown his drawings and linoleum cuts to his graphic teacher
Samuel Jessurun de Mesquita, who encouraged him to continue
with graphic arts. After finishing school, he traveled extensively
through Italy, where he met his wife Jetta Umiker, whom he married
in 1924. They settled in Rome, where they stayed until 1935.
During these 11 years, Escher would travel each year throughout
Italy, drawing and sketching for the various prints he would
make when he returned home. Many of these sketches he would
later use for various other lithographs and/or woodcuts and
wood engravings, for example the background in the lithograph
Waterfall stems from his Italian period, or the trees reflecting
in the woodcut Puddle, which are the same trees Escher used
in his woodcut "Pineta of Calvi", which he made in
Escher's mind-bending prints and drawings playfully explore perspective, mirror images and physical space. Two of his best-known prints, "Relativity" (1953) and "Ascending and Descending" (1960), feature staircases which seem to defy gravity and run in impossible directions. His most popular work may be "Hand With Reflecting Sphere" (1935), an image of himself as seen in a globe held in his outstretched hand. Escher also is known for his tessellations -- mosaics of repetitive designs in which positive and negative images interconnect and sometimes blend into one another. Though Escher was not trained in math, his work has been embraced by mathematicians who see his drawings as artistic depictions of geometric principles.
Maurits Cornelis Escher (1898-1972) is one of the world's most famous graphic artists. His art is enjoyed by millions of people all over the world, as can be seen on the many web sites on the internet. He is most famous for his so-called impossible structures, such as Ascending and Descending, Relativity, his Transformation Prints, such as Metamorphosis I, Metamorphosis II and Metamorphosis III, Sky & Water I or Reptiles. But he also made some wonderful, more realistic work during the time he lived and traveled in Italy. Castrovalva for example, where one already can see Escher's fascination for high and low, close by and far away. The lithograph Atrani, a small town on the Amalfi Coast was made in 1931, but comes back for example, in his masterpiece Metamorphosis I and II M.C. Escher, during his lifetime, made 448 lithographs, woodcuts and wood engravings and over 2000 drawings and sketches.
M.C. Escher became fascinated by the regular Division of the
Plane, when he first visited the Alhambra, a fourteen century
Moorish castle in Granada, Spain in 1922.
During the years in Switzerland and throughout the Second World
War, he vigorously pursued his hobby, by drawing 62 of the total
of 137 Regular Division Drawings he would make in his lifetime.
He would extend his passion for the Regular Division of the
Plane, by using some of his drawings as the basis for yet another
hobby, carving beech wood spheres. He played with architecture,
perspective and impossible spaces. His art continues to amaze
and wonder millions of people all over the world. In his work
we recognize his keen observation of the world around us and
the ex-pressions of his own fantasies. M.C. Escher shows us
that reality is wondrous, comprehensible and fascinating.
Name: M. C. Escher
Variant Name: Maurits Cornelis Escher
Birth Date: June 17, 1898
Death Date: March 27, 1972
Place of Birth: Leeuwarden, Netherlands
Place of Death: Hilversum, Netherlands
Occupations: graphic artist, printmaker, lithographer.
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